www.RogerWendell.com
Roger J. Wendell
Defending 3.8 Billion Years of Organic EvolutionSM
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Hawai'i
Photo by Tami near Pololu Valley, Big Island, Hawai'i - February 2007
Near Polulu Valley - by Tami
 
I lived on O'ahu from 1975 through 1977. Tami joined me there, as well, when we married in early '77. Since I was only a teenager (in the Coast Guard), when I arrived on the islands, their impressions and influences on me are deep and long lasting. The downside of being a teenager, in Hawai'i, is that I had little money or photographic expertise. So, the few photos I was able to save, over the 30 years until I created this page, are the best I could come up with at the time. The oldest photos are on the bottom half of this page with all the newest stuff, from our 30th anniversary visit, on the top half:

 

 

(Click on any of this page's "thumbnail" images for a larger view)

Facts and Figures:

The Hawaiian Archipelago is comprised of 18 islands and atolls extending across a distance of 1,500 miles (2,400 km). Eight of these are considered the "main islands" and are located at the southeastern end of the chain. The Hawaiian islands total 6,427 square miles in area making Hawai'i the 47th largest state - slightly larger than Connecticut (4,872 Sq miles) and bit smaller than New Jersey (7,468 Sq miles).

Hawai'i became the 50th state on August 21, 1959. The islands are located about 2,300 miles (3,700 km) from California and are also known as as the Sandwich Islands. The State's population, at the time of our last visit in 2007, was approximately 1,300,000 - that included permanent residents, military and tourists. The southern tip of Hawai'i Island is also the most southern point in the United States (Alaska remains the western most state...).

Hawai'i was first inhabited by Polynesian settlers sometime around 1000 CE (Common Era). It's believed these peoples came from islands in the South Pacific, most likely the Marquesas. For about 800 years the Hawaiian people lived in a complex caste system governed by warring chiefs and an extensive set of religious and social rules called the "Kapu" system.

British explorer James Cook was probably the first European to stumble upon the islands, in 1778, although there's some indication the Spanish may have wondered into the area a bit earlier. Cook, who named Hawai'i the "Sandwhich Islands," was killed on the Big Island in 1779. Cook and his crew were engaged in a dispute with locals during one of their religious observations, over the theft of his ship's small-boat at Kealakekua Bay, and was whacked on the back of the head when he tried to return to his ship...

In the very early 1800s the warrior known as Kamehameha was the first, ever, to have conquered and controlled all of the major islands at one time. He accomplished this mostly by force although a couple of the islands cooperated without fighting. About nine decades later, Queen Liliuokalani gave the U.S. government control of the islands in her effort to avoid bloodshed between non-native residents and her Hawaiian people. I have a note about the United States' official apology for this incident at the page bottom.

However, more important than human conflict is the devastation Hawai'i (and the rest of the planet) has endured at the hands of ancient and modern peoples. During the first 20 years of the Endangered Species Act (signed into law by President Nixon in 1973) 114 species went extinct - nearly half of those were in Hawai'i! Further back, the arrival of Polynesians in Hawai'i, ten centuries ago, caused the extinction of at least 39 species of endemic (indigenous) land birds. And, although I haven't found an Internet reference to it our guides told us it was common for warring Hawaiian chiefs to burn down Lāna'i and parts of the other islands during countless conflicts. Finally, of course, the huge numbers of people living, building, and consuming on the islands has had a devastating effect - just like everywhere else in the world.

- Roger J. Wendell
February 2007

 

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O'ahu
(the "Gathering Place") 596 Square miles. 2007 Population aprx 900,000

 

Tami Wendell at Waikalani Woodlands, O'ahu, Hawai'i - February 2007
Cutting the coconut
Tami Wendell at Waikalani Woodlands, O'ahu, Hawai'i - February 2007
Buying the coconut
Tami Wendell drinking from a coconut on O'ahu, Hawai'i - February 2007
Drinking the coconut
Waikiki palm tree climber, O'ahu, Hawai'i - February 2007
Waikiki climber...
Bonzai Pipeline by Tami Wendell, North Shore, O'ahu, Hawai'i - February 2007
Bonzai Pipeline by Tami

 

Diamond Head (Lē'ahi)
State Monument:

Arrow Pointing Right Click Here for a park pass...

Diamond Head Crater, O'ahu, Hawai'i - February 2007
Diamond Head crater
Diamond Head hiking tunnel, O'ahu, Hawai'i - February 2007
Diamond Head tunnel
Trail to Diamond Head, O'ahu, Hawai'i - February 2007
Diamond Head trail
Tami Wendell on the stairs to Diamond Head, O'ahu, Hawai'i - February 2007
Diamond Head stairs
Honlulu as seen from Diamond Head, O'ahu, Hawai'i - February 2007
Honolulu from Diamond Head

 

Arrow Pointing Right Click Here for Tami's Diamond Head hiking certificate!

 

Wahiawa and
the rest of O'ahu:

Tami Wendell at Wahiawa, O'ahu, Hawai'i - February 2007
Welcome to Wahiawa!
Waimea Life Guard, O'ahu, Hawai'i - February 2007
Waimea Life Guard
Mok (pronounced 'Moke') Rock, Waimea Bay, O'ahu, Hawai'i - February 2007
"Mok" Rock, Waimea Bay
Roger J. Wendell at entrance to Waimea Bay, O'ahu, Hawai'i - February 2007
Waimea Bay, O'ahu
Roger and Tami Wendell at the Hanauma Bay Nature Preserve, O'ahu, Hawai'i - February 2007
Hanauma Bay Nature Preserve
Tami Wendell and the library at Wahiaw, O'ahu, Hawai'i - February 2007
Tami's favorite library!
Launani Valley entrance to Waikalani Woodlands, O'ahu, Hawai'i - February 2007
Entrance to our valley
Waikalani Woodlands, O'ahu, Hawai'i - February 2007
Waikalani Woodlands
Entrance to parking garage at Waikalani Woodlands, O'ahu, Hawai'i - February 2007
Entrance to parking garage
Tami Wendell in front of our apartment at Waikalani Woodlands, O'ahu, Hawai'i - February 2007
At our apartment, C-204

When we got married, in February '77, our first apartment together was in a place called "Waikalani Woodlands" in what is now labeled Launani Valley. It was a wonderful setting in a small valley beneath what is now the H2 freeway. Even today, during our 2007 visit, Waikalani Woodlands remains green, quiet, and serene. Of course that kind of environment comes at a steep price on such a crowded island. Back in '77 I believe our rent was $300 or $325 per month - although expensive for us it remained very much worth the price.

Our street address, back then, was 95-269 Waikalani Drive, Wahiawa, HI 96786 (it's since been changed to Mililani 96789...). The hyphen ("-") in our address is a common delineator for rural addresses throughout O'ahu and on parts of the Big Island and Kaua'i (Kaua'i uses only one digit before the hyphen and the Big Island doesn't use the hyphen on it signage). O'ahu, except for military basis and heavily populated areas, is divided into nine districts/tax zones, each subdivided into nine sections. The first two digits of an address, before the hyphen, indicate the tax zone while the three (sometimes four) digits after the hyphen are the address numbers. Lāna'i, Māui, and Moloka'i, and parts of the other islands (mainly urban areas and military bases) maintain conventional numbering systems

 

Arrow Pointing Right Click Here for the time I spent on O'ahu, with the Coast Guard, during the mid '70s...

 

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Māui
(the "Valley Isle") 727 Square Miles. 2007 Population aprx 140,000

Our Lahaina apartment, Māui, Hawai'i - February 2007
Our Lahaina apartment
Prison Street, Lahaina Māui, Hawai'i - February 2007
Prison Street, Lahaina
Cyclists coming down from Haleakalā Crater, Māui, Hawai'i - February 2007
Cyclists on Haleakalā
The Road to Haleakalā, Māui, Hawai'i - February 2007
The road to Haleakalā
Humpback Whale photographed by Roger J. Wendell off Māui, Hawai'i - February 2007
Humpback Whale, Auau Channel, Māui
Maui Grown Market, Hana Highway, Māui, Hawai'i - February 2007
Maui Grown, Hana Highway
Hana Highway, Māui, Hawai'i - February 2007
Hana Highway, Māui
Tami Wendell at Kipahulu Valley, Māui, Hawai'i - February 2007
Tami at Kipahulu Valley
Tami Wendell at Waimoku Falls, Māui, Hawai'i - February 2007
Tami at Waimoku Falls
Humpback Whale photographed by Roger J. Wendell off Māui, Hawai'i - February 2007
Humpback Whale, Auau Channel, Māui

The Aina-Nalu apartments, in Lahaina, gave us the most wonderful upgrade for our 30th anniversary! The accommodations were perfect so it was difficult to leave each day, to explore Māui, but we did! Part of our travels took us the entire length of the Hana Highway, probably one of the most difficult and beautiful (at the same time!) roads in the world. Since we have a personal vacation policy of letting the traffic beat us (we leave hotels and apartments at about 10:00 am, on average, any given morning) we had most of the Hana Highway to ourselves - in complet contrast to the slow moving traffic jams that have made it legendary... Anyway, about eight or ten miles past the hamlet of Hāna, itself, we parked at the mouth of Kipahulu Valley where we hiked a few miles up to the 400 foot Waimoku Falls. Again, we had the entire valley, and waterfalls, to ourselves as it was later in the day. And, since Kipahulu Valley is the southern part of Haleakala National Park we were able to use the same entrance pass that had allowed us earlier access to 10,023 foot summit of Haleakalā.

Back at Lahaina, we boarded the Pacific Whale Foundation's observation boat where we were able to watch dozens of Humpback whales breaching, jumping, and diving in the Auau Channel between Māui and Lāna'i. Observation boats can come within 100 yards of a whale, by law, so I was able to photograph a few whale tales with our simple (12x) digital camera. According to the onboard biologist, the whales come down to Hawai'i, from Alaska, for breeding. Interesting to note that the waters off Hawai'i are clear because they're basically nutrient deficient - the whales have nothing to eat, while visiting Hawai'i, so females not interested in mating stay in the cold waters off Alaska...

As I mentioned, we drove to the 10,023 foot summit of Haleakalā Crater where it's cold and extremely windy. As you can see from the photo, a very popular activity is to ride bicycles from Pu'u Ula'ula (Red Hill, at the summit) down the entire length of Haleakalā Crater Road. Dozens of cyclists are engaged in this activity at anytime during the day...

 

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Lāna'i
(the "Pineapple Island") 140 Square Miles. 2007 Population aprx 3,200

Roger J. Wendell crossing the Auau Channel from Māui to Lāna'i, Hawai'i - February 2007
Crossing the Auau Channel
Island of Lāna'i, Hawai'i - February 2007
Island of Lāna'i
Lāna'i coastline, Hawai'i - February 2007
Lāna'i coastline
Housing at Lāna'i City, Lāna'i, Hawai'i - February 2007
Housing, Lāna'i City
Housing at Lāna'i City, Lāna'i, Hawai'i - February 2007
Housing, Lāna'i City
Bruce Harvey welcomes Roger and Tami Wendell Lāna'i, Hawai'i - February 2007
a Bruce Harvey welcome!
Welcome to Lāna'i City!, Lāna'i, Hawai'i - February 2007
Welcome to Lāna'i City!
Original Ice House Jail, Lāna'i City, Lāna'i, Hawai'i - February 2007
Icehouse jail, Lāna'i City
Garden of the Gods, Lāna'i, Hawai'i - February 2007
Garden of the Gods, Lāna'i
Buddhist Temple, Lāna'i City, Lāna'i, Hawai'i - February 2007
Buddhist Temple, Lāna'i City

We made our way over to Lāna'i by boat from Lahiana - a trip of about an hour across the Auau Channel where we again saw more whales but not so close (and slow) this time around. Our private guide for the day was 55 year old Bruce Harvey who was born on O'ahu and had lived on Lāna'i for the past seven years. Bruce was a huge wealth of information on every aspect of Lāna'i and Hawaiian culture in general. Although Lāna'i "felt" pretty big to us Bruce's 4WD tour covered the entire island in five hours!!

98% of Lāna'i is privately owned by billionaire David H. Murdock who gained possession of the island in 1985 when he purchased Castle & Cooke - owners of the Dole Food Company who bought the entire island in 1922. The remaining 2% of the island is owned by the few hundred families who have built homes in Lāna'i City where, historically, properties were purchased from the Hawaiian Pineapple Company (Now known to many of us as Dole Pineapple or the Dole Food Company) by the plantation workers.

Although I'm far from knowledgeable about the island of Lāna'i, and its politics, it seems apparent that Mr. Murdock is doing a pretty good job of keeping the island in its natural state. However, the island has seen some historical abuse as its entire forest was burnt down, by warring Hawaiians, and all of its population either killed or removed by these chiefs as well (hence the island was eventually able to fall into private hands since nobody was living on it...).

From what I understand, David Murdock maintains tight control over development and plans to pass the entire island on to a conservancy after his own death. Too bad there aren't similar plans to arrest development around the rest of our country but that's another story and web page in itself...

P.S. As you can see from the photo, above, the original jail on Lāna'i was in an icehouse. It's not longer in use as there's a more modern police facility available a couple blocks away. For that matter, everything in Lāna'i City is only a couple blocks away!

 

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Hawai'i Island
(the "Big Island") 4,038 Square miles. 2007 Population aprx 160,000

South Point Complex, Big Island, Hawai'i - February 2007
South Point Complex
Roger J. Wendell at South Point Complex, Big Island, Hawai'i - February 2007
South Point Complex
Mauna Kea telescopes, Big Island, Hawai'i - February 2007
Mauna Kea telescopes 13,796 ft
Mauna Kea Submillimeter Array, Big Island, Hawai'i - February 2007
Submillimeter Array
Road up Mauna Kea, Big Island, Hawai'i - February 2007
Road up Mauna Kea
Note: South Point Complex is the southern most point in the United States!

Arrow Pointing Right Click Here for my page on astronomy and more photos on top of Mauna Kea...

Tami Wendell at Volcanoes National Park, Big Island, Hawai'i - February 2007
Entrance to Volcanoes NP
Tami Wendell and the Convertible, Big Island, Hawai'i - February 2007
Tami and the convertible
Punalu'u Black Sand Beach, Big Island, Hawai'i - February 2007
Punalu'u Black Sand
Roger J. Wendell hiking in the Polulu Valley, Big Island, Hawai'i - February 2007
Jungle hiking
Pololu Valley Store, Big Island, Hawai'i - February 2007
Pololu Valley Store

Lots of Lava:

Volcano warning for hikers, Big Island, Hawai'i - February 2007
Warning to Hikers
Volcano fumes, Big Island, Hawai'i - February 2007
Volcano fumes
Volcano steam vent, Big Island, Hawai'i - February 2007
Volcano steam vent
Roger and Tami Wendell at a volcano steam vent, Big Island, Hawai'i - February 2007
Steam vent love!
Tami Wendell and a volcano steam vent, Big Island, Hawai'i - February 2007
Tami and a steam vent
Lava on the road, Big Island, Hawai'i - February 2007
Lava on the road...
Roger J. Wendell hiking along lava, Big Island, Hawai'i - February 2007
Roger hiking
Tami Wendell on the lava field, Big Island, Hawai'i - February 2007
Tami on the lava field
Lava field, Big Island, Hawai'i - February 2007
Lava field
Roger Wendell playin gwith the lava, Big Island, Hawai'i - February 2007
Roger playing in the field...

 

Arrow Pointing Right Click Here for my video of the flowing laval and tourists...

 

Lava pouring into the sea, Big Island, Hawai'i - February 2007
Lava into the sea
Lava in the sea, Big Island, Hawai'i - February 2007
Lava in the sea
Playing games on lava, Big Island, Hawai'i - February 2007
Lava gamers
Tami Wendell and the lava field, Big Island, Hawai'i - February 2007
Tami and the lava field
1982 Lava Flow, Big Island, Hawai'i - February 2007
1982 Lava Flow
Lava toe, Big Island, Hawai'i - February 2007
Lava toe
Lava toe, Big Island, Hawai'i - February 2007
Lava toe
Lava toe, Big Island, Hawai'i - February 2007
Lava toe
Lava toe, Big Island, Hawai'i - February 2007
Lava toe
Lava and Roger Wendell's foot, Big Island, Hawai'i - February 2007
Roger's toe...
Lava Tube, Big Island, Hawai'i - February 2007
Lava tube
Tami Wendell in a Lava Tube, Big Island, Hawai'i - February 2007
Tami in a lava tube
Lava tube entrance, Big Island, Hawai'i - February 2007
Lava tube entry
Roger J. Wendell and a lava fold, Big Island, Hawai'i - February 2007
Lava fold
Lava Toe, Big Island, Hawai'i - February 2007
Roger photographs the Lava...

Tami and I enjoyed Mauna Kea so much we took a second trip up, a day later, after sunset! During the first day we had the distinct pleasure of touring one of the Keck twins (the W.M. Keck Observatory houses the world's two largest telescopes) and actually watch them rotate and pivot the 10 metre telescope. The night we returned we parked our convertible near the big scopes, took down the roof, and laid back to watch the stars, planets, and meteors unfold before us. At the 13,796 foot summit the temperature was still in the 40 degree range - relatively comfortable by Colorado standards, with the air almost perfectly still. It was also a bit eerie to hear the various telescope domes slowly turning around us in the dark all evening - quite the experience! It's a bit embarrassing to admit that we drove 1,003 miles in our rental car during our five day visit to Hawai'i Island. But, this enabled us to see "tons" of interesting beaches, archeological sites and telescopes - all in addition to spending an evening with nephew Dustin studying Geology at the University of Hawai'i at Hilo.

South Point Complex, the southern most point of the United States (Alaska remains the furthest west of any state), was well worth the extra 25 miles of driving off State Highway 11. A bit further down the road, of course, is Volcanoes National Park where we hiked right up to the edge of a live lava flow, inhaled the warm-moist sulfur fumes of the volcano's vents, and hiked the length of a huge, underground lava tube. Actually, the "live-lava" experience was a bit dangerous as the fumes can be damaging and the heat deadly. And, if you're not careful, you can step through crust of a lava "toe" and completely engulf your foot, ankle and leg in 2,100 degree molten lava. The Park Service does a pretty good job of protecting tourists except for those (like us) who hike too far into the backcountry - out of range of trail markers, guide ropes, and danger signage...

The Big Island also afforded us a chance to experience black sand beaches, watch turtles come ashore, and play in waves almost as big as O'ahu's north shore.

 

Arrow Pointing Right Click Here for the various waypoints we recorded on each island...

 

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O'ahu in the 1970s

O'ahu, Hawai'i - February, 1976 Although I did acquire a bit of "Island Fever" (the desire to be surrounded by vast prairies or mountain ranges can cloud your view even in paradise!), at times, I feel lucky to have experienced so much at such a young age!

At left are four pictures from O'ahu during February, 1976. At the time I owned a 1972 Honda CB 450 - very similar to the CL 450 that I owned in Colorado (The "CB" was the street version while CL, on Honda motorcycles, usually indicated off road or trails...) - I used the 450 to take me just about everywhere on O'ahu. Anyway, you can see the bike parked in one of the photos...

While in Hawai'i I did a "ton" of snorkel and scuba diving. I did acquire an underwater camera, while scuba diving, but lost a lot of photos after it floated away from me one day in Hanauma Bay...

*Poi (rhymes with "boy") is a traditional Hawaiian staple made from the Taro root. Taro grows all over the tropics and is not only edible, but was used for medicinal purposes as well. Poi (for eating) is made by mashing cooked and peeled Taro corms (Corms are short, underground stems which lack the numerous eye "buds" of potatoes) with a stone pestle or "poi pounder." Water is added until the poi is smooth and sticky and then it's allowed to age and ferment - acquiring a sour tang. "One, two and three finger poi" refers to the consistency and thickness of the poi - fewer fingers needed for thicker poi!

 

Yellow Arrow Pointing Right Click Here for my Coast Guard page...

 

Burning Sugar Cane, O'ahu, Hawai'i - June, 1976
  Burning Sugar Cane
Sugar Cane Field, O'ahu, Hawai'i - June, 1976 Jon Nethers, John Bilos, and Roger Wendell at Waimea Bay, O'ahu, Hawai'i - May, 1976
  Fun and friends!
At left are photographs of burning sugar cane, a sugar cane field, and some of my Coast Guard buddies at Waimea Bay on O'ahu's North Shore. From left to right is Jon Nethers, John Bilos, and me (Roger Wendell) in May of 1976.

Lots of other friends and buddies come to mind but I can't seem to find too many pictures after trying to put this web page together 30 years later!!

 

Kent Brown and I spent a lot of time snorkel and scuba diving back then. We spent time outdoors, whenever possible - this picture is of Kent "goofing" in the surf. Unrelated, but maybe of interest (?) were the pineapple fields that covered much of central O'ahu (I've heard most of them have been turned into housing tracts now...). Locals (including me) would occasionally "borrow" a fresh pineapple for use at home - despite the $50 fine/warning signs that were posted everywhere. There's that youth stuff again... Roger J. Wendell and his 1966 VW, O'ahu, Hawai'i - June, 1976
  My 1966 VW Beetle
Kenton Brown, North Shore, O'ahu, Hawai'i - April, 1976
  Kent Brown - North Shore
Dole Pineapple, O'ahu, Hawai'i - June, 1976
  Dole Pineapple - O'ahu

Roger J. Wendell's 1972 Honda CL 450 in Hawai'i - January 1976
My '72 Honda in Hawai'i
Roger J. Wendell's 1972 Honda CL 450 in Hawai'i - February 28, 1976
Me at age 20
At left is a better shot of the Honda CB 450 I owned while living on O'ahu. Although it was only four years old it received plenty of abuse with dozens of excursions completely around O'ahu, including Kaena Point (which was unpaved, rocky and exposed at the time.) While on O'ahu I eventually bought the 1966 VW "Bug" that you see above. I believe the 1966 may have been the last year VW Beetles came with a 6 volt battery system - making a stero purchase, or other car accessories, somewhat difficult. Nevertheless, the VW was a great little car that a Navy friend, at NavCamsEastPac (the naval communications facility where I worked in the center of O'ahu), had completely overhauled and sold to me for a very good price. Problem was he forgot to put one little oil seal back into place and it would have required taking most of the engine apart again to do it properly. So, I occasionally had to make sure the little piece was still glued into place to keep all of the oil from being sprayed out. Anyway, I drove that VW a lot, especially after getting married, and would even sit on top the driver's headrest to "tour" with my head and torso poking through the sunroof. Ahhhh, mindless youth...

 

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Japan loves Hawaiian bottled water!

When I lived in Hawai'i, during the mid 70s, there was a pretty strong Japanese influence that grew even more prominent after I left (so I'm told). Anyway, in 2004 my family and I took a trip to Japan and were delighted to find this bottled water named "Hawaii!" Hawaii water from my trip to Japan in May, 2004
Hawaii water from my trip to Japan in May, 2004
Hawaii water from my trip to Japan in May, 2004
Bottled Water Translation:
My son is fluent in Japanese and provided this translation of the label:
"Hawaii, Kailuah, Kona - Deep Ocean Water 250"

"Hawaiian Deep Ocean Water" is said to slowly travel the earth at depths of around 5000m as the eons pile one on top of another. This deep water has quietly continued to circulate the earth and is loaded with magnezium which essential to human health. It is "a gift from the ocean depths." The water has traveled from the northern atlantic ocean, to the pacific ocean where it is drawn up from the deep see off of Hawaii and named "Kailuah, Kona Deep Ocean Water." Hawaii, with its clean air and water, is still an island where this mysterious deep ocean water is born and even the worlds natural scientists have taken notice.

picture:
title: Mauna Keia
island shape :kona
pipe looking thing: suction pipe
current looking thing : deep water

below picture:
Usage information : After opening refrigerate and please drink before the expiration date

 

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More Miscellaneous Hawai'i pix

 

Naval Antennas at Lualualei, O'ahu, Hawai'i - February 2007
Navy antennas at Lualualei
Roger J. Wendell at Lualualei, O'ahu, Hawai'i - June 1976
Me at Lualualei, O'ahu
Roger J. Wendell's 1966 VW named Volksie Walden - 1976
1966 VW "Volksie Walden"
Tami Miller visiting, O'ahu, Hawai'i - October 1976
Tami visited me in 1976!

 

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Hawaiian Sovereignty Movement

Yankee Go Home! South Point, Hawai'i Island - February 2007
Yankee go home!
While living in Hawai'i, during the mid 70s, it was clear to me that original peoples weren't happy with the 100+ year European/American occupation of the islands. While I was there, at the tail-end of the Vietnam War, the Hawaiians (and most of the rest of country!) didn't have much appreciation for the U.S. military. It was at about that time, while I was there, that a groupd called Protect Kaho'olawe 'Ohana (PKO) began to occupy Kaho'olawe to halt the military's practice bombings. The PKO also filed environmental lawsuits, in federal court, with the island eventually being returned to the state and turned into a reserve that can only be used by native Hawaiians not engaged in commercial operations (The smallest inhabited Island, Ni'ihau has equally serious restrictions as well...).
Besides the Kaho'olawe issue, I also saw various signs that most native Hawaiians (who are very small minority in the overall population) wanted the rest of us out. However, that's not unlike many reservations and foreign countries I've visited around the world. Who can blame the Hawaiians, Tibetans, Palestinians, or anyone else for wanting the foreigners out? Of course the sad reality is that "might makes right" so we won't be seeing any major changes for oppressed peoples anytime soon...

Anyway, from what I understand of the Hawaiian sovereignty movement is that its comprised of a loose coalition of groups that seek self-determination and self-governance for Native Hawaiians and redress from the U.S. government for its alleged role in the 1893 intervention and overthrow of Queen Lili'uokalani and the prolonged military occupation that began 1898. The Hawaiian Sovereignty movement overlaps with the Aloha 'Aina movement (love of land movement), and other groups, so there's some confusion over demands, desires, and tactics. Anyway, the two photos (above, right) are some evidence that these movements are still alive in Hawai'i...

- Roger J. Wendell
February, 2007

O'ahu Reinstated Government - February 2007
Reinstated Government
Note: In 1993, 100 years after Queen Liliuokalani yielded her authority to the United States Government rather than to the Provisional Government of Hawai'i, United States Public Law 103-150 went into affect. The 1993 law was an apology "to Native Hawaiians on behalf of the people of the United States for the overthrow of the Kingdom of Hawai'i on January 17, 1893." Apparnatly the Queen gave her authority to the U.S. to avoid bloodshed between her people and a group of non-Hawaiian residents working to overthrow the indigenous and lawful Government of Hawai'i.

Besides just U.S. interests, I think China, Japan, and maybe Russia and a few other places also had their eye on Hawai'i over the years as well ...

 

Protesters held after takeover of Hawaiian palace
August 16, 2008

HONOLULU (AP) -- Officers have arrested about 20 pro-sovereignty activists after the second takeover this year of the grounds of a Honolulu palace.

State law officers climbed a fence and made the arrests Friday evening at the historic Iolani (ee-oh-LAHN'-ee) Palace.

About a dozen men had locked the palace gates and posted signs saying: "Property of the Kingdom of Hawaiian Trust."

Hawaiian activists have long used the palace as a location for protests against U.S. occupation of the islands. A different group occupied the palace grounds in April.

 

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Anthropology

"FOR NEARLY ALL OF THE FIVE MILLION YEARS SINCE IT VIOLENTLY EMERGED from the depths of the Pacific Ocean, Hawaii was defined by its isolation. Its first settlers, probably Polynesians from islands to the south, are thought to have arrived roughly around the time of Christ. Over the centuries, Hawaiians had little contact with anyone else because almost no one could cross the vast expanse of ocean that surrounded their islands. Thousands of unique plant and animal species evolved, more than almost anywhere else on earth."

"Hawaii's human inhabitants developed a remarkably distinctive society that bound them together in elaborate webs of obligation, ritual, and reverence for nature. If not precisely a tropical Eden, this was a place where, over many generations, people maintained a well-balanced culture that sustained them both physically and spiritually. One historian has described it as 'very successful' and 'less brutish than were most of its contemporary societies throughout the world, even those of patronizing Europe, just as it was less brutal than are most of those that adorn our civilized world today.'"

- Stephen Kinzer in his book,
Overthrow (America's Century of Regime Change From Hawaii to Iraq), p. 10

 

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Extinction:
Dave Foreman, in his book, Rewilding North America
(A Vision for Conservation in the 21s Century) pp. 27-28

"The Hawaiian Islands are a poster child for extinctions caused by European contact - between eighteen and thirty species of endemic birds have become extinct in the last two hundred years. But recent research by avian paleontologists Helen James and Storrs Olson of the Smithsonian Institution shows that most bird extinctions in Hawaii did not come after Captain Cook became the first European to visit, in 1778, but after the first Polynesians arrived, in AD 400, well before Cook's arrival. Their research has 'unearthed at least 50 previously unknown species of birds which went extinct' before Cook reached the islands, including a close relative of the bald eagle, an accipiter hawk, three species of long-legged owls, four flightless geese, three flightless ibises, and fifteen Hawaiian honeycreepers (a group unique to Hawaii). According to ornithologist Lyanda Haupt, the rigidly European Polynesian culture that settled Hawaii burned off vast tracts of lowland forest for farming, hunted the large flightless birds for meat, slaughtered the brightly colored songbirds for ceremonial robes (eight thousand birds were required for one robe), and released pigs and the Polynesian rat, an alien predator. E. O. Wilson writes bluntly, 'The Polynesian seafarers . . . broke the crucible of evolution.'"

 

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Books:

 

Links:

  1. Africa (Eastern) - Kenya, Tanzania, and my Kilimanjaro climb
  2. Africa (Southern) - Our trip through Botswana, South Africa, Zambia, Zimbabwe
  3. Amazonia
  4. America!
  5. Antarctica
  6. Argentina and Brazil
  7. Arizona
  8. Australia Main Page
  9. Australia Two Page
  10. Coast Guard Auxilary - O'ahu
  11. Colordo!
  12. Ecuador
  13. Hanauma Bay Nature Preserve
  14. Hawai'i - Independent & Sovereign
  15. Hawai'i State Government
  16. Hawaiian Dictionary
  17. Honolulu Department of Parks and Recreation
  1. Honolulu Star Bulletin newspaper
  2. India
  3. India Two
  4. Longhorn Ranch
  5. Kamakawiwo'ole, Israel "IZ" sings, "Somewhere Over the Rainbow"
  6. Maritime stuff
  7. Mauna Kea - summit pan by Alan Ritter
  8. Mauna Kea Observatories - University of Hawaii Institute for Astronomy
  9. Mexico
  10. Nevada
  11. New Zealand
  12. Pacific Whale Foundation
  13. Parker Ranch - 150,000 acres on the Big Island...
  14. Reinstated Hawai'i Government
  15. Russia
  16. Travel and Travel Two
  17. United Kingdom

 

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